What is a Noun? Definition and Types of Nouns with Examples

This blog post discusses nouns, including their definitions and types. You will also find examples of this part of speech to understand it better.

The noun is a very important topic in English grammar and to learn English or English grammar, you must have good knowledge of nouns. Many peoples don’t know even the definition of noun and that’s why I created this content.

What is noun and their ypes

Noun in English grammar is very easy to understand and ofcourse it will be more easy if you read on this blog. after reading this article, the concept of nouns will be a simple affair for you, and you will feel that your knowledge and your fluency in speaking English will improve.

Today we will learn what is a noun, and how many types of nouns are there with examples. So first let’s know the definition of the noun

What is Noun? – Definition and its types

A noun is a word for a thing, person, place, quality, or idea. Nouns can be used as subjects, the object of a verb or preposition, a compliment after being or seem, an appositive, or an adjective.

In other words, The word which denotes the name of any place thing, creature, quality, condition, feeling, or idea is called Noun.

Examples of a noun:

  • Person: man, woman, teacher, doctor
  • Animal: cat, dog, bird
  • Place: home, school, hospital
  • Thing: book, computer
  • Quality: happiness, anger
  • Idea: love, freedom

Some more and deeply examples of nouns:

  • Ram – which is the name of a creature (person).
  • Dove – Which is the name of a creature (bird).
  • Computer – which is the name of an object.
  • Honesty – which is a virtue.
  • Happiness – which is a state.

Similarly, your name, your friend’s name, your dog’s name, your favorite biscuit’s name, movie name, and book name, all of these are examples of nouns.

Nouns can differ significantly, as seen in the examples above. However, it is important to note that they all refer to a person, place, thing, quality, or idea.

Types Of Noun

Having established what a noun is let’s look at the different types of nouns.

Nouns fall into five main categories: common nouns, proper nouns, abstract nouns, collective nouns, and material nouns.

  1. Common Noun
  2. Proper Noun
  3. Abstract Noun
  4. Collective Noun
  5. Material Noun

Note: These are not all types of nouns but these are the most common and important types of nouns. after these will see some more types of nouns.

So, let’s discuss all these types of nouns briefly.

Common Noun and their examples

Common nouns refer to groups of things or people, such as tables or cats. They differ from proper nouns, which are the specific names of people, places, and things.

In other words,

A noun that does not refer to a particular person, thing, or place, but refers to the entire caste or category, is called a common noun.
Such as- school, hospital, boy, city, chair, table, computer, mobile, etc.

Common nouns are ones that indicate a general type of thing, person, or location.

A detailed example of common nouns:

  • I went to the store.
  • She teaches science at a high school.
  • He was furious after getting fired.
  • I bought a book yesterday. (Common object)
  • I am going to tuition. (Common place)
  • Only five employees showed up to work today. (Common group)
  • The bike is out of fuel. (Common items)

In each of these sentences, the nouns are not specific. They could refer to any man, woman, school, or store. Similarly, “anger” could be felt by any person in any situation.

Proper Nouns and their examples

A proper noun is a specific name for a particular person, place, or thing. For example, Africa, Jupiter, Sarah, and Microsoft are all proper nouns. When proper nouns are plural (Africas, Jupiters, Saras, Microsoft), they usually refer to more than one of the things they name. Proper nouns can also be found in other roles, such as adjectives or common nouns.

A detailed example of proper nouns:

  • I went to the Walmart store.
  • My name is John. (name of a particular person)
  • He was very angry after getting fired from his job at Walmart.
  • I’m thinking to go on next week Sunday.

As you can see, proper nouns are much more specific than common nouns. They refer to a particular person, place, thing, or idea. In each of the sentences above, the nouns are specific. “John” is a specific person, “Walmart” is a specific store, and “Sunday” is a specific day of the week.

Abstract Nouns:

Nouns that denote ideas, feelings, or qualities that cannot be experienced with the five senses are abstract nouns. For example, “anger,” “happiness,” and “freedom” are all abstract nouns.

A detailed example of abstract nouns:

  • I felt anger after my dog died.
  • She was very happy after getting a promotion at work.
  • He wanted freedom from his job.

As you can see, abstract nouns are often associated with emotions and ideas. There are things that cannot be experienced with the five senses. There are five basic human senses: touch, sight, hearing, smell, and taste.

Collective Nouns and their examples

Nouns that denote groups of people, animals, or objects are collective nouns. For example, “team,” “family,” and “flock” are all collective nouns.

A detailed example of collective nouns:

  • My family went to the beach for vacation.
  • The team won the championship game.
  • The flock of birds was flying south for the winter.

Collective nouns are often used to describe groups of people or things. In each of the sentences above, the nouns refer to a group of people or things. “Family” is a group of people, “team” is a group of people, and “flock” is a group of birds.

Noun as a Subject, Object, and verb

Nouns as Subjects:

A subject noun is a noun that is the actor in a sentence. The subject of a sentence performs the action. An object noun, on the other hand, is a noun that is acted on by the subject.

Example:

The girl kicked the ball.

In this sentence, “girl” is the subject, and “ball” is the object. There is always a noun or pronoun as the subject of a sentence.

Nouns as Objects:

A direct object is a noun that gets the action done to it by the subject. An indirect object is a noun that gets something done to it by the direct object.

Example:

The girl kicked the ball to her brother.

In this sentence, “girl” is the subject, “ball” is the direct object, and “brother” is the indirect object.

Noun as a verb:

Some nouns can also be used as verbs. Some nouns can be used as verbs by making a small modification to the original word’s spelling.

Example:

  • Her divorce is final. (Used as a noun)
    She is divorced. (Used as a verb)
  • Do you like his new dress? (Used as a noun)
    He is dressed and ready to go. (Used as a verb)
  • Rocky had come to collect some ice. (Used as a noun)
    My brother iced the fish so that it did not stink. (Used as a verb)
  • We have dance practice today. (Used as a noun)
    Did she practice the song? (Used as a verb)

Some More Types Of Nouns

Above we discussed 5 main types of nouns but as I said above also, nouns can also be classified into more categories or types. Let’s learn about these.

Singular Noun:

A singular noun is a word that represents one person, thing, or event. For example, “cat,” “potato,” and “tree” are all singular nouns. Let’s see some sentences-

  • I have a pet.
  • You should have only one mobile.
  • There is a garden in my house.
  • A lion was roaring in the forest.

Plural Noun:

A plural noun is a type of noun that refers to more than one thing. To make a noun plural, you can add –s or –es to the end. Plural nouns can be either countable or uncountable:

Countable means that there are multiple things that can be counted individually. Uncountable means that there are multiple things, but they cannot be counted separately.

Example:

  • The girls were playing with their dolls.
  • I have three kids.

In this sentence, “girls” is a plural countable noun, and “dolls” is a plural countable noun. In the second sentence kids is a plural noun.

To make most countable nouns plural, you can add –s or –es to the end. For example:

One cat → Two cats

Countable Nouns:

Something that can be counted is a countable noun. It has a singular and plural form, and it can be used with numbers.

Examples of countable nouns:

  • One cat 
  • Two cats 
  • Three cats
  • Four cats
  • ten cars
  • Books
  • Pens
  • Computers
  • Papers of books

Here you can see I have used numbers in some of the nouns and they are countable but in this list, I have also added some words without any numbers like Books, pens, cars, etc. They are also countable nouns because we can count these types of things by using numbers.

Uncountable Nouns:

Uncountable nouns are things that we cannot count. We cannot say “one water” or “two water”. We can say “a lot of water” or “much water”, but we cannot say “many waters”. Some uncountable nouns are:

  • Water
  • Air
  • Space
  • Time
  • Money
  • Love

These things can’t be counted by using mathematical numbers so these are examples of uncountable nouns.

Possessive noun:

In possessive nouns, something is owned by someone or something else. The possessive form of a noun is created by adding an apostrophe and an s to the end of the word. For example, the dog’s toys belong to the dog.

Here are some more examples:

  • The cat’s toy is under the chair.
  • The student’s backpack is green.
  • I can see Sarah’s house from here.

Concrete Noun and their examples

A concrete noun is a noun that denotes something with a physical presence that can be felt via the senses. Concrete nouns include, for example: the air, room, temperature, sound, taste, and air.

Noun in English grammar: Conclusion

Nouns are an important part of speech for kids to learn. They identify the people, places, things, and ideas in a sentence. There are different types of nouns that kids should be familiar with: common nouns, proper nouns, collective nouns, abstract nouns, and possessive nouns. With practice and examples like those provided in this article, kids will have no trouble identifying the different types of nouns in sentences.

In this article, I have tried to give you all the important information about noun. like what is a noun, types of noun with definition and examples, definitions of noun in English grammar etc.

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Mr. Paul is 10 years experienced English teacher from the USA. Yes, you heard it right. I did my masters in English and after that started sharing my knowledge with others. Our aim is to make your vocabulary and grammar ultra strong & correct.

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