What Is Conjunction? Definition And Types Of Conjunction With Examples

So, the topic of the day is Conjunction or connectors It is an interesting topic quick to learn as well as straightforward. Effortless because its overall concept is just like child’s play. But do you know what is conjunction and the types of conjunctions?

conjunction in English grammar

The complexity of this topic is slightly based on its application part which is a little bit baffling sometimes. After going through this article, will make the concept of conjunctions crystal clear and provide you with a solid hook around this topic. Your knowledge and understanding of the topic are going to build on the basics and your fluency in speaking English will improve effortlessly.

  • What do you understand by the term Conjunction?
  • Definition and meaning of /what does Conjunction mean?
  • Conjunction concept understanding, along with examples of conjunctions.
  • Different types of Conjunctions?

At the end of this article, you will be going to understand the full concept of conjunctions and their applications.

What Is Conjunction?

A conjunction is a word that links a word, clause, or phrase in a sentence. It is used to interrelate words in a particular sentence. Some common conjunctions are ‘but’, ‘while’, and ‘although’ linking the words or groups of words.

It is also known as the ‘connectors’. The conjunctions are the major of three types. Coordinating conjunctions, Subordinating conjunctions, and Correlative. It is very easy to understand this. For example,

  • Because is a connector
  • Although is a connector
  • Therefore is a connector
  • Whereas is a connector

So, these words join the word together and are known as connectors.

Now, you have understood ‘What is a conjunction. Now, let us move towards the ‘Definition and meaning of the conjunction’.

Definition and meaning of conjunction/what does conjunction mean?

A conjunction is a word or group of words that join sentences, clauses, and phrases. They are used to combine words together. If Conjunctions are used to connect clauses they will be found in the last section of a sentence.

If they are used to join phrases then appear in the front and middle of a sentence. Conjunctions can be easily identified in the sentence because they are used to connect words which makes them able to create sense in a sentence.

The conjunction is a connector in any sentence.  Like if, we say, “ALTHOUGH!”, “WHEREAS”. One important thing to remember is that Conjunctions are the only ones that change their form.

Conjunction concept understanding along with examples of conjunctions:

  1. I wanted to stay at home because I love cooking.
  2. Nia is very funny whereas Nita is quite boring. 
  3. She is thirsty but the glass is empty.
  4. Javed speaks five languages besides french.
  5. Meera is completely unlike her mother.
  6. He came last therefore he got the worst seat.
  7. I will start preparing after the class.
  8. I have finished eating the pudding yet.
  9. Let me know if you are coming.
  10.  Don’t go anywhere unless you wanted to go. 

Types of conjunction?

In this section, we will be going to understand a variety of conjunctions. In addition, we will take simple examples to grasp the knowledge of it fully. You can also call it “different types of conjunctions”. There are primarily three types of conjunctions.

  1. Coordinating Conjunctions
  2. Subordinating conjunctions
  3. Correlative Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions:

What are the coordinating conjunctions? What do you mean by Coordinating Conjunctions? Definition and Meaning of coordinating conjunctions:

The coordinating conjunction is a conjunction that interrelates or joins two words or phrases with the same grammatical value together. In a sentence, it joins words that shows equal to each other. There are seven types of coordinating conjunctions. No sense or connection between the words can be seen without it. For example,

  • Rajan and Rohit are playing.
  • We have chocolate but wafers also.
  • You will choose red or blue.
  • I will finish the cake yet.
  • So, you will get this soon.

There are seven most common coordinating conjunctions:  and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet.

Subordinating conjunctions

What is a subordinating conjunction? What do you mean by a Subordinating conjunction? Definition and Meaning of Subordinating conjunctions:

Subordinating conjunctions are conjunctions that are joining or combine a group of words, phrases, and sentences into one. Conjunctions that are interrelated or join an independent clause with a subordinating clause. An independent clause is a clause that can exist individually by itself in a provided sentence. They don’t require any additional information. 

A dependent clause is one that cannot exist individually as a sentence requires additional information to the main clause. The sentence in which one dependent and at least one independent clause was present. It is known as a complex sentence.

Subordinating conjunctions are found in complex sentences where they can join or combined together in a clause.

For example: 

  • As you move downwards you will the keys.
  • Jasmine begins to laugh whenever she saw’s your picture.
  • When the prayer starts begin you will sit down.
  • After we met the guest we will come back soon.
  • He always comes first because he believes in himself.
  • I started singing when I was five.

Subordinating conjunctions:

  As ifBeforeNow thatUnless
  AsEven ifprovidedUntil
  AfterEven thoughSinceWhen
  As much asHow So that When
  As soon asIfThan    Whenever
  As long asIn as much asThat      Where
  As thoughIn order thatThough    Wherever

However, English grammar’s influence on the Hindi language diversified the types into six types of subordinating conjunctions.

  1. Time
  2. Cause
  3. Concession
  4. Comparison
  5. Condition 
  6. Place 

Subordinating conjunction showing Time or Place:

What is a time or place subordinating conjunction, what do you mean by time or place subordinating conjunction? Definition and

Meaning of a time or place subordinating conjunction:

When the main clause occurs then subordinating conjunctions can show the transition of place and time. For example, there are many words like ‘whenever’, ‘as long as, ‘until’, etc., and ‘as soon as’,  For example,

  • We are moving back until next week.
  • We are starting a new coffee shop as soon as possible.
  • Whenever I start working my daughter will take care of the home.
  • As long as we are doing our work we will take care of you too.

Subordinating conjunction showing Cause and Effect:

What is a Subordinating conjunction showing Cause and Effect, what do you mean by a Subordinating conjunction showing Cause and Effect? Definition and meaning of Subordinating conjunction showing Cause and Effect:

It stays a reason that the major clause was performed.  It is commonly used at once. It generally shows cause and effect. For example, ‘since’ ‘because’ ‘unless’, ‘although’ ‘as a result of,’ ‘unless, and  ‘provided of’. Conjunctions are used to represent the cause and effect of something.

For example,

  • I am not going to leave this place because I am not feeling well.
  • I will not be allowed you to go home unless you complete your homework.
  • Although we are doing this we will share our work with you.
  • As a result of our work will become first.

Subordinating conjunction showing Concession and action:

What is a Subordinating conjunction showing Concession and action, and what do you mean by the Subordinating conjunction showing Concession and action  Definition, and Meaning of a Subordinating conjunction showing Concession and action:

Concession conjunction provides additional information about the hindrance and obstacle of that particular action. It also helps in redefining the meaning of the main clause. For example, there are many words like ‘even though’, ‘although’, ‘as though’, etc. that are considered concession conjunction. For example

  • Although I don’t like him I respect him. 
  • We completed this task though we are expecting to lose it.
  • Even though we are moving towards the next place.
  • She is fair to her mother whereas her brother is dark.

Subordinating conjunction showing Comparison and contrast:

What is Subordinating conjunction showing Comparison and contrast what do you mean by Subordinating conjunction showing Comparison and contrast Definition and Meaning of a Comparison and contrast conjunction:

It helps in initiating the link between the words on condition that a correlation between contrast. A dependent clause is used to describe situations or events that are different and expected. I tell us about the subordinating conjunction comparison and contrast.

For example

  • Even though you are living here your aunt is taking rent.
  • Although Reta is the richest woman in this town she is very kind.
  • Whereas her sister beat her she welcome them home.
  • While we are working she is enjoying the movie.

Subordinating conjunction showing Conditions and Rules:

What is a Subordinating conjunction showing Condition and Rules, what do you mean by Subordinating conjunction showing Condition and Rules? Definition and

Meaning of a subordinating conjunction showing Condition and Rules:

Subordinating conjunction showing Condition and Rules provides the rule that how the main clause work. A subordinating conjunction carries out two functions within the sentence. It provides a transition between two ideas in the same sentence such as ‘even if  ‘where as’ and  ‘whether’

For example:

  • Whether you will remain home or we will send you to grandma.
  • If you are not complete your work on time I will not escape you. 
  • Unless she returns my notebook or I will send you to principle.
  • In case we will not return so you have to go there instead of us.

 Subordinating conjunction showing Place and Activities:

What is a Subordinating conjunction showing Place, what do you mean by Subordinating conjunction showing Place, Definition and

Meaning of a Subordinating conjunction showing Place:

It describes the place where the action is performed. It describes a relationship between two clauses that concern the transition of place. Examples like wherever, while, and when. 

For example

  • When I will get my burger?
  • Wherever we want we could stay.
  • It is a once time opportunity.
  • Where did you get this dress?

Correlative Conjunctions:

It is a word that interrelates two constituents of equal grammar value. It connects the word and clauses together. It also joins two verbs, nouns, and adjectives.

In correlative conjunction in a sentence, English and Scottish words are also used.

It is used to interrelate sentences, phrases, and clauses. It is generally used in every kind of speech.

Correlative conjunction pairs are used to explain details, clarify ideas, or show a relationship between two subjects. They contain a first conjunction and a second conjunction, which link one section of the phrase to another. The following word combinations are some examples of correlative conjunctions.

  1. Both/And: The use of the conjunctions “both” and “and” shows a connection between two subjects who are carrying out the same action. These correlative conjunctions can be used in sentences like “We’ll both be leaving the party and taking one electric vehicle,” as an example.
  2. Either/Or: Two equal-weight positive statements can be connected by using the conjunctions “either” and “or.” You might use the phrase “My brother is either working upstairs or slacking off downstairs,”.
  3. Neither/Nor: The conjunction “neither/nor” is used to link two equally weighted negative expressions. You may say something like, “I will neither watch the tv nor go for a walk.”
  4. Weather/Or: The conjunction “whether/or” links two possible acts/works of a subject. For example, “I was not sure whether he will go or not.”
  5. Not only/but also: I am not only sad but also sick.
  6. Rather/than: The conjunctions “rather/than” expresses a subject’s preference for one item over another. For example: “I would rather have fruits than sweets.”
  7. Such/That: The conjunctions “such” and “that” are used to connect two separate clauses in a way that provides a reason for an action. You might say something like, “Such is the darkness in my room that I can’t see”.

So, here is the end of the topic. I hope that you have understood the subject very well. And I hope that you like it. Do share your feedback in the comments section. Visit our website for more knowledgeable stuff.

Conjunction: Conclusion

So guys this was the complete information about conjunction. Because conjunction is an important topic of parts of speech of English grammar so we must have knowledge of conjunction.

If you have read this complete article then you have learned what is Conjuntion and its types. If you liked this article, please share it on social media with your friends.

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Mr. Paul is 10 years experienced English teacher from the USA. Yes, you heard it right. I did my masters in English and after that started sharing my knowledge with others. Our aim is to make your vocabulary and grammar ultra strong & correct.

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